The land of forty springs Arba Minch town was established in 1962. The town got its name from the spring waters, forty in number, that flow in the jungle close to Nech-Sar National Park. The town is divided into two sections: up town, Shecha, which is the administrative center, hotels, and residences and the downtown, Sikela, is commercial and residential center. The altitude of Arba Minch is about 1270 m with location of east of Guge Mountains (soars to 4000 m) and west of Lake Abaya and Chamo. Arba Minch is host to the annual “Thousand Stars Music and Dance Festival.” The festival encourages the practice, preservation and development of traditional dance, songs, artistic and cultural expressions, and various ceremonies of different ethnic groups in South.
It is the second largest lake in Ethiopia, but the largest rift valley lake. Its area is 1060 km2 with maximum depth of 13 m. Crocodile farm is situated on Lake Abaya.
Lake Chamo is the paradise for birds and hippos. Boat trip is arranged on this lake to visit hippos, crocodile (which is known as “crocodile market”), and different species of birds like Black herons, Goliath herons, egrets, hoopoes, Sulphur –breasted Bush Shrike, Great white pelicans, African fish eagle, Egyptian goose, Yellow billed stork, Hammer kop, etc. The largest crocodile, Nile crocodile 6 m in length is found here. Both Lake Abaya and Chamo are gifted with Nile Perch Fish.