Axum

Axum is the center of civilization and Christianity. Although the dynasty was founded ealier, Axum town was founded in first century A.D as the political center of the dynasty. Its great history is witnessed by achievements during its golden age. Excavations from different periods describe its achievements. The pottery, iron and bronze materials, coins, tombs, stelae, ruin palaces; inscriptions, stone seats, etc. are some of the achievements, which are visited regularly by visitors.

Sightseeing in the town and surrounding areasThe main stelae fieldThe main stelae field consists of both erect and fallen stelae, tombs, church and the museum. The stelae are many in number in the field but the six ones are well carved and decorated which lies from North East to West depends on size. The three biggest ones are in the same area. The largest is fallen during unknown period and lies in 5 pieces on the ground. It measures 33 ms in height and weighs 520 tones. The second largest stelae was taken in 1937 to Italy and brought back to Axum in 2005. It measures 24 ms in height. The third largest stelae, which has never fallen down measures 23 ms in height. All the stelae are monolithic, grave markers and erected before the coming of Christianity. Those of the largest ones consist of sophisticated technology in architecture and are representation of multistory houses.

Axum Archaeological Museum

The tomb of King Kaleb and Gebre MeskelIt is 2 kms North East of the town. King Kaleb and King Gebre Meskel ruled the dynasty in 6th century A.D. Ezana InsciptionIt is found on the way to the tomb of King Kaleb and Gebre Meskel.  There are many simple and small stelae in this field.Gobo Dura – it is the site of query small hill 4 kms west of Axum. Mary Zion Church In the courtyard, there are three holy buildings: The old monastery that was built by King Fasiledes in 17th century, the new cathedral, which was built during reign of Emperor Haile Selassie and the most holy sanctuary that houses the Ark of Covenant. 

The 56 kms road brings visitors to Yeha. The moon temple remarks great significance of the area. It is about 2500 years old temple and still the 12 m high wall is well preserved. Archaeologically, many artifacts discovered from the area like the dreadlocked woman (fertility indication), bronze materials, and Sabean inscriptions on stones. Even though in the area the God of moon used to practice for many years, in 6th century the area was completely changed to Christianity. Aba Aftse, one of the nine saints founded the monastery in the area. Now a day the temple, the church, and the small museum are visited regularly.

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